(September 20, 1809 - September 29, 1867)
Born in Virginia, Sterling Price moved to Missouri in 1831 and finally settled in Keytesville, Missouri. Price quickly became involved in Missouri politics and, after a break to serve in the Mexican-American War, became the Governor of Missouri in 1853. When the American Civil War broke out, Sterling Price was appointed a Major General and placed in command of the pro-southern Missouri State Guard by Missouri Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson. Early in the war, Price led the Missouri State Guard to victories in the Battle of Wilson's Creek and the Battle of Lexington and then to defeat in the Battle of Pea Ridge. In 1864, Price, then a Major General for the Confederacy, led a cavalry raid into Missouri that ultimately resulted in an overwhelming defeat.