John Charles Fremont
(January 21, 1813 - July 13, 1890)
John Charles Fremont was a controversial figure in the early struggle for Missouri during the American Civil War. President Lincoln appointed Fremont as the Commander of the Western Department on July 3, 1861. On August 30, 1861, Fremont issued an emancipation proclamation that declared martial law and freed the slaves in Missouri. This controversial act and his inability to pacify Missouri led to his removal from command by Lincoln on November 2, 1861.