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The Jefferson Barracks Historic Site

Tour Stop

Sketch of Fourth Missouri Infantry's departure from Jefferson Barracks appeared in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, vol. 12, no. 293 (1861 June 29), p. 106.

Directions: The north entrance to the Jefferson Barracks State Historic Site [ Waypoint = N38 31.221 W90 16.604 ] is located near 533 Grant Road, St. Louis, Missouri 63125.

  • Continue heading south on Broadway (Missouri Hwy 231).
  • After about 2.1 miles, Broadway will be a left turn off of Missouri Hwy 231.
  • The entrance to Jefferson Barracks State Historic Site is about 0.1 miles ahead.
  • After entering the site, the road names changes to Grant Road.
  • Take the second left and find a place to park in the Visitor Center's [ Waypoint = N38 31.127 W90 16.501 ] parking area.

Description: Located on the Mississippi River about 10 miles south of downtown St. Louis, the Jefferson Barracks Military Reservation was established in 1826 as a frontier garrison to enable westward expansion. By the 1840s, Jefferson Barracks had become the nation's largest military reservation. Following the end of World War II, Jefferson Barracks would cease being an active military reservation on June 30, 1946. In 1950, the Federal Government transferred ownership of 420 acres of the military reservation to St. Louis County in order to establish Jefferson Barracks Historic Site. The Friends of Jefferson Barracks is a volunteer support group working to preserve and improve the historic site. [114]

The Stable House at Jefferson Barracks View from inside the Stable House at Jefferson Barracks

Just east of the Visitor Center is the Stable House [ Waypoint = N38 31.131 W90 16.477 ] which was built in 1851 and used to house horse and wagons used for hauling munitions from the St. Louis Arsenal to the magazines at Jefferson Barracks.

The Laborer's House at Jefferson Barracks View from inside the Laborer's House at Jefferson Barracks

Just north of the Stable House is the Laborer's House [ Waypoint = N38 31.119 W90 16.475 ] that was used by civilian workmen employed at the Ordnance Depot. It was originally built in 1851 and restored to its current condition in 1959. It contains articles and furnishing from the 19th century.

View from inside the Laborer's House at Jefferson Barracks Sign for the Old Ordnance Room at Jefferson Barracks

The Old Ordnance Room Museum [ Waypoint = N38 31.159 W90 16.371 ] is housed in the first powder magazine built at the Jefferson Barracks. In 2011 from February 2nd through November 11th The Old Ordnance Room will be the site for the St. Louis County Parks and Recreation's program on The Civil War in Missouri.

Sign for the Powder Magazine Museum at Jefferson Barracks Entrance to the Powder Magazine Museum at Jefferson Barracks

The entire history of the Jefferson Barracks from 1826 to 1946 is on display at the Powder Magazine Museum [ Waypoint = N38 30.969 W90 16.320 ]. The building was originally built in 1857 and used to store rifles, cannon, powder and other munitions used by the troops stationed in the Western Departments.

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